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注意了!高考英语也要考传统文化

2018-10-10 11:04

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高考英语考试大纲的调整传递出主要信号:在英语学习上重视和突出中华传统价值观,重视语言应用,回归了英语作为语言功能的本质。高考英语更重视考查学生阅读能力、跨文化交际能力和思维能力。因此,掌握一些传统文化名词和背诵一些传统文化方面的范文,对提高听力、阅读理解、作文成绩有着很大的帮助!
一. 100个中国传统文化名词
1.元宵节: Lantern Festival
2.刺绣:Embroidery
3.重阳节:Double-Ninth Festival
4.清明节:Tomb Sweeping Day
5.剪纸:Paper Cutting
6.书 法: Calligraphy
7.对联:(Spring Festival) Couplets
8.象形文字:Pictograms/Pictographic Characters
9.雄黄酒:Realgar Wine
10.四合院:Siheyuan/Quadrangle
11.战国:Warring States
12.风水 :Fengshui/Geomantic Omen
13.昆曲 :Kunqu Opera
14.长 城 :The Great Wall
15.集体舞 :Group Dance
16.黄土高原 :Loess Plateau
17.红臼喜事:Weddings and Funerals
18.中秋节:Mid-Autumn Day
19.花鼓戏:Flower Drum Song
20.儒家文化:Confucian Culture
21.中国结:Chinese knotting
22.古装片:Costume Drama
23.武打片:Chinese Swordplay Movie
24.元宵:Tangyuan/Sweet Rice Dumpling (Soup)
25.越剧:Yue Opera
26.火锅:Hot Pot
27.江南:South Regions of the Yangtze River
28.《诗经》:The Book of Songs
29.谜语:Riddle
30.《史记》:Historical Records/Records of the Grand Historian
31.《红楼梦》:A Dream of Red Mansions
32.《西游记》:The Journey to the West
33.除夕:Chinese New Year's Eve/Eve of the Spring Festival
34.针灸 :Acupuncture
35.唐三彩 :Tri-color Pottery of the Tang Dynasty/ The Tang Tri-colored pottery
36.二人转 : Errenzhuan
37.偏旁 :Radical
38.孟子:Mencius
39.亭/阁:Pavilion/Attic
40.黄梅戏 :Huangmei Opera
41.火 药 :Gunpowder
42.农历 :Lunar Calendar
43.印/玺 :Seal/Stamp
44.腊 八 节 :The laba Rice Porridge Festival
45.京 剧 :Beijing Opera/Peking Opera
46.秦腔 :Crying of Qin People/Qin Opera
47.太极拳 :TaiChi
48.《本草纲目》: Compendium of Materia Medica
49.天坛 :Altar of Heaven in Beijing
50.小吃摊 :Snack Bar/Snack Stand
51.红双喜 :Double Happiness
52.文房四宝(笔墨纸砚): The Four Treasure of the Study/Brush,Inkstick,Paper,and Inkstone
53.春卷 :Spring Roll(s)
54.莲藕 :Lotus Root
55.罗盘 :Luopan
56.故宫博物院 :The Palace Museum
57.相声:Cross-talk/Comic Dialogue
58.五行 :Five Phases
59.北京烤鸭 : Beijing Roast Duck
60.《桃花扇》:The Peach Blossom Fan
61.木偶戏:Puppet Show
62.敦煌莫高窟:Mogao Caves
63.电视小品:TV Sketch/TV Skit
64.甲骨文:Oracle Bone Inscriptions
65.古筝:Chinese Zither
66.二胡 :Urheen
67.门当户对:Perfect Match/Exact Match
68.《水浒》: Water Margin/Outlaws of the Marsh
69.除夕:Chinese New Years Eve
70.国子监 :Imperial Academy
71.兵马俑: Cotta Warriors/Terracotta Army
72.旗袍:Cheongsam
73.指南针:Compass
74.泼水节:Water-Splashing Day
75.馄饨:Wonton
76. 花卷:Steamed Twisted Rolls
77.羊肉泡馍:Pita Bread Soaked in Lamb Soup
78.冰糖葫芦:A stick of sugar-coated haws (or apples,etc.)
79.八宝饭:Eight-Treasure Rice Pudding
80.粉丝:Glass Noodles
81.豆腐脑:Jellied Bean Curd
82.小品:Witty Skits
83.孝顺:To Show Filial Obedience
84.武术:Wushu(Chinese Martial Arts)
85.宣纸:Rice Paper
86.衙门: Yamen
87.叩头:Kowtow
88. 中庸:The Way of Medium(cf. Golden Means)
89.牌楼:Pailou(Pai-Loo)
90.东坡肉:Dongpo Pork
91.中山陵:The Sun Yat-sen Mausoleum
92.秦淮河:Qinhuai River
93.玄武湖:Xuanwu Lake
94.夫子庙:the Confucian Temple
95.鸭血粉丝:Duck Blood Fans
96.盐水鸭:Yanshuiya, or Salted and Baked Duck
97.大煮干丝:Gansi
98.小笼包:Steamed Buns
99.明孝陵:Ming Tomb
100.云锦:Nanjing brocade
二. 相关话题作文预测
壹 
某中学生英文报就“保护中国传统文化”为主题举行英语征文活动。你准备给该报投稿,稿件内容包括:
1. 保护中国传统文化的重要性
2. 列举1-2个你所知道的国家或当地政府文化保护的事例;
3. 谈谈你对文化保护的建议。 
字数要求:120字。
【参考范文】
Protect Traditional Chinese Culture
The protection of national and folk culture is of great significance to Chinese cultural diversity and also to the harmonious development between local economic and social development. It is reported that the Guangdong government pays special attention to protecting Chaoju(潮剧), a local drama born in Chaozhou in the eastern Guangdong province.
In my opinion, some measures should be taken to protect traditional culture effectively. To start with, we should make a law to regulate the society’s performance. Besides, we should draw more people’s attention to it, for the more they know about the importance of culture protection, the stronger support we can get from the public.
In a word, it is high time for us to treasure and develop our own valuable culture.


贰 

假如你叫李华,最近你的美国笔友Tony要来北京体验中国传统文化,请根据他的

问题回复邮件,为他设计北京一日游活动,帮助他体验中国传统文化。请描述你们打算去的地方、具体的活动安排、以及这样安排的理由。
提示词语:traditional Chinese culture, tea house, Peking Opera, paper cutting
【参考范文1】
Hi, Tony!
I’m glad that you will come to Beijing soon. There are lots of places of interest in Beijing. In order to experience traditional Chinese culture better, I do recommend Beijing Hutong tour.
First, we’re going to go sightseeing along the lanes in Hutong. The houses in Hutong are traditional, such as Siheyuan. From them, you can imagine how people used to live. Of course you can stop anywhere you like and it is interesting to take pictures or have a close look. Second, we are going to pay visits to a Hutong family. We can have lunch there and have a short talk with the local residents, which can help you learn about many stories of the past. We can not only appreciate the dramatic changes that Hutong has undergone, but also see evidence of the history of Beijing, experience the old way of life and experience traditional Beijing culture.
In a word, Hutongs are the homes of common people in the past. It is easy to know how people lived and had fun in the old days. So it is a good choice to learn about traditional Chinese culture.
I’m looking forward to your coming.
Yours,
Li Hua
【参考范文2】
Hi, Tony!
I’m glad that you will come to Beijing soon. There are many places of interest where you can experience the traditional Chinese culture in Beijing, but I’d like to take you to Nanluoguxiang.
First, we can take a walk along the lanes in Hutong to feel the architectural style of the old buildings like Siheyuan and local people’s way of life. Besides, you can have a talk with the residents to know more about the history about Hutong. What’s more, we can try all kinds of local foods on the way. And you can buy some paper cuttings as gifts for your friends. When we feel tired, it’s a good choice for us to go to a tea house. There, we can taste all kinds of Chinese tea and get a lot of knowledge about tea. Most importantly, we can watch Peking Opera while drinking tea, which is a typical art to reflect Beijing humanities features. 
As for the reason why we go there, I think it can make you better experience traditional Chinese tea culture, the food culture and the characteristics of the old residence in Beijing.
I’m looking forward to your coming.
Yours,
Li Hua


叁 

假如你叫李华,你的美国笔友Tom对中国的传统节日非常感兴趣。他想请你介绍你最喜欢的一个节日,如中秋节、端午节、春节等,你通常是怎么庆祝的,以及你喜欢这个节日的原因。请你根据他的问题回复邮件。
提示词语:eat, get together, share, happy, special
【参考范文1】
Hi! Tom,
I’m glad to hear that you are interested in traditional Chinese festivals.
My favorite festival is the Mid-Autumn Festival. It usually comes in September or October. On that day, our family members usually get together and have a nice meal. After that, I always admire the moon and share mooncakes with my families.
I love this festival because I like eating mooncakes. They are in the shape of a full moon. They carry people’s wishes to the families they love and miss. In short, the Mid-Autumn Festival is a day of pleasure and happiness. I hope that my letter will help you know more about Chinese festivals.
Yours,
Li Hua
【参考范文2】

Hi! Tom,

My favorite Chinese festival is the Spring Festival which comes on the first day of the Chinese Lunar Year. There is a name for each year, such as the dog, the monkey, the tiger or one of the twelve animals, and this year is the year of the horse.

Before the New Year’s Day, the Chinese people usually give their houses a good cleaning and on the last evening of the old year, all the members of a family will get together and have a big meal. People usually have jiaozi, fish, niangao and many other dishes. On the first or second day of the new year, people usually go to visit their relatives and friends and give some lucky money to children.
Among all the festivals, I like the Spring Festival best not only because I can enjoy delicious food, but also because I can relax myself by spending a few days with my family, my relatives and my friends. 
Yours,
Li Hua
【参考范文3】
Hi! Tom,
I’m glad to hear that you are interested in traditional Chinese festivals. There are many traditional festivals in China, and my favorite is the Spring Festival. It falls on the first day of the Chinese lunar New Year. The Spring Festival is as important as Christmas in the U.S. and Chinese people have been celebrating it for many years.
To celebrate the Spring Festival, I usually stick the Chinese character “Fu” upside down on the door, which means happiness will come. Besides, I always prepare some red paper cutting to decorate my house because I believe the red color can bring our family good luck. On the eve of the festival, My family usually get together, having dinner and sharing some interesting experiences. Midnight is my favorite time because I can set off fireworks and admire them. Shining little stars coming out of fireworks create a warm atmosphere. Everyone is overjoyed as they say farewell to the old year and welcome the new year.
I really like the Spring Festival because it’s time for family reunions and the relationship between us becomes closer. Besides. What’s more, I can do various activities during the festival. I hope you can come to China to experience this colorful and meaningful festival.
Yours,

Li Hua

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